Skip to main content

Full text of "Celebration! The Year of the Native American"

See other formats





/, along with my colleaffues 
at Pembroke State, welcome 
ym to the Native American 

There is a special kinship 
between Native Americans 
and Pembroke State. It was 
out of a concern for the 
education of Indian 
children, that Pembroke State 
was born in 1887. This 
makes this Festival a very 
special part of our year-long 
Centennial Celebration. 

Paul R, Givens 


Pembroke State University 

A presentation of 
Native American 
Resource Center 

Pembroke State University 
Folklife Section 

Nortti Carolina Arts Council 

hi association with 
North Carolina 
Commission of 
Indian Al&irs 
United TVibes of 
North Carolina 



The Year of The Native American 

By Linda (Jjeiidine 

Linda Oxendine is the 
former director of the 
Native American 
Center at Pembroke State 
University and is 
cuirenUy a doctoral 
student in American 
Studies at the University 
of Minnesota. 

The Native American Resource Center of Pembroke State 
University, a museum and learning center housed in the 
historic "Old Main" Building, is pleased to present this special 
festival of American Indian arts and culture in celebration 
of "The Year of the Native American." The Center wai 
established in 1979 to provide opportunities to increase 
knowledge and appreciation of Native American histoiy 
and culture, related particularly to the Lumbee and other 
Indian peoples of eastern North Carolina. 

At a time when more and more Indians in North Carolina 
and elsewhere in America seek accmiite infomiation about 
their past— and in turn about themselves— the Center offers 
a vital focal point for their- inquiries. And as part of a uni- 
versity which grew from humble beginnings as one of the 
first Indian schools in the United States, the Center exem- 
plifies Pembroke State's ongoing concern both for the 
advancement of American Indian studies and for the higher 
education of Indian students (who cun-ently comprise nearly 
twenty-five percent (jf the university's total enrollment). 

Celebration! The Year of the Native American is a 
special collaborative project— more than a year in the 
making— between the Native American Re,source Center and 
the Folklife Section of the North Carolina Arts Council. Its is to showcase the wonderful divereity of Indian 
artistic and cultural expression, not only in North Carolina, 
but thnjughout .America. We wanted to produce an event of 
sufficient magnitude to provide a fitting finale to "The 
Year of the Native American" and to be able to attract the 
interest and participation of as many North Carolinians as 
passible, Indian and non-Indian. 

Pembroke State Univereity is an especially appropriate site 
for the event for reasons of history and practicality Now a 
membei- institution of the University of North Carolina sys- 
tem, Pembroke State was originally founded one hundred 
yeais ago to educate the area's large Indian population. 
Our festival is a prominent feature of the univereity's cen- 
tennial celebration which extends thi-ough the spring of 1987. 
The campus is also well suited for this special presentation 
owing to its excellent facilities which include the impres- 
sive Givens Perfomiing .Arts Center. 

Some of our audience may be smprised to know that 
"The Year of the Native American" is Unked to the 400th 
anniversaiy observance of the firet English contact with 
America at present-day Roanoke Island, North Carolina. 
The "Y'eai'" was officially proclaimed by Governor Martin 
in January of 1986 in part to express appreciation for "the 
support and aid of oui- Native American peoples to the 
English colonists." 

Though Indian people in the state might rightly question 
the logic in celebrating anything connected with European 
colonialism, there is much to honor about our native North 
Carolinians diu-ing this year of recognition. Throughout 
e\en the darkest days of oiu' histoiy, we endured w'ith gi-eat 
courage and ofttimes heroism. Today, more than 65,000 
strong, we are a vital presence in North Carolina, forming 
the largest Native American population of any state east of 
the Mississippi River. 

We have grown not merely in niuiibei's, but in achievement, 
making an ever increasing contribution to the prosperity of 
the state and the nation. And we have succeeded in all walks 
of lil'e— in education, in the arts, in the professions, in 
sports. The unity and pride of Native Americans statewide 
has never been stronger and though the community is not 
without serious problems, the progress of recent years brings 
confidence in meeting the challenges ahead. 

The celebration at Pembroke State Univereity on November 
7-9, 1986, presents a grand opportimity to share the 
special cultiu-al heritage of North Caitilina's Native American 
community with one and all. We welcome you to Pembroke 
and invite you to celebrate with us. And we thank the 
North Carolina Aits Council for lending extraordinary support 
without which this gathering would not be possible. 

Friday, November 7 

Native American 
Writers Conference 

9:30 am-3:30 pm 
Native A))iericati Resource 
Cente)- Auditorium, 
Old Main Building 

Since World War II, Native American writere have been a 
forceful presence in American letters, winning coveted 
literaiy prizes, fellowships and book awards, and publishing 
with major American presses. In novels, short stories, 
poetry and plays, dozens of creative writers have brilliantly 
articulated the special joys and tribulations of American 
Indians, whether they be reser\'ated or urban, full-blood or 
mixed. Many of the talents teach in universities or 
participate in aitists-in-residence programs in the public 
schools, helping to insure the continued vitality of Native 
American literatm-e for the generations to come. 

Celebration! is pleased to host three prominent Indian 
authors for a Native American Writers Conference. The 
conference begins at 9:30 am with an informal coffee. 
From 10:. 30 until 12:00 pm each writer will read from his 
or her work and answer questions. The conference resumes 
after lunch at 1 : 30 pm for discussions on the craft of writing; 
the role of publishers, Indian and non-Indian; and the 
futm-e of Native American writing and publishing. 


Janet Campbell Hale, Coeiir d'Alenefnm Idafio 
The author of poeliy, fiction and essays, Hale currently writes 
full-time in WashinRtmi state. Her novel, Tlie Oui'sSong, 
published in 1976, is a favorite among young adults. Her latest 
novel. The Jailing of Cecilia Capture, has recently been 
published to wide acclaim by Random House. 

Maurice Keimy, Mohawk from New York 
A writer, editor and publisher, Kenny is one of America's best 
known Indian poets. His books of poetry include Blackrobe: Isaac 
Rogues, Between Tlvo Rivers and Dancing Back Strong the 
Nation. Kenny is also a publisher who provides a forum for 
talented Native American and Third Worid authors through his 
Brooklyn-based Strawberry Press and his magazine Contact 11. 

Gerald Vizenor, White Earth Chippewa from Minnesota 
Vizenor has been a journalist, writer, editor and film maker He is 
the author of several works of poetry and fiction including 
Wordarrows, Darkness in St. Louis Beariwart, Earthdivers, and 
Griever, and he is the maker of the prize-winning film Harold of 
Orange Vizenor is currently visiting Professor of Native American 
Studies at the Univeisity of California, Berkeley 

Robert W. Reising. a professor in the Communicative Arts 
Department of Pembroke State University, is host and moderator 
for the conference. Reising teaches a seminal' on Native American 
literature and has pubhshed numerous critical essays and articles 
in this field. 

Native American 
Performing Arts Sampler 

Piesentations for Public School Students 
Givens Performing Atis Center 
9:30-11:00 am 12:00-1:30 pm 

Celebration! offers two special assembly programs for 
students in grades three and up. Mini-performances by 
featured festival aitists will showcase the music, dance, 
song and story traditions of American Indians. 

Lmda Oxendine former director of the Native American Arts 
Center, Pembroke State University, will host the programs. 

Pembroke State University Centennial 
Alumni Reunion and Reception 

Native American Resource Center, 
Old Main Building 
7:00-9:30 pm 

The President of the Alumni Association, and the 
Alumni Board of Pembroke State University will host a 
special alumni reunion and reception m honor of the 
university's Centennial and "The Year of the Native 
American." The reunion features a program of skits and 
class stories and a performance by distinguished Nav£uo- 
Ute flutist Carlos Nakai. 

The reunion is sponsored by Celebration! 

Prncjram partidpatiti;: 

Lucy Locklear 

Class of ■S3 
Reverend Charles 
Clms of W 
Mary Martin Bell 
Class of '47 
Albert Hunt 
Class of 'U4 
Steve Locklear 
Class of '52 
Mary A. Teets 
Class of '58 

Rosa Winfree 

Class of W 
Frank Winfree 
Cla.<:s nf 70 
Marion F. Bass 
Class of '60 
Tbmmy Griffin 
Cla.'is of '6,5 
Ed Chavis 
Class of 74 
Ray Brayboy 
Class of W 
Mike Cafero of 76 
Eric Ricioppo 
Class of 77 

Current Sludeiits 
David Cummings, 
Narrator Class of '87 
Monica Midgette 
Class of '87 
Melissa Gates 
Class of '87 
Jimmv Mask 
Class of '88 
Jenny Adler 
Class of '87 


Betfv Mangum 
Adolph Dial 
Anthony Locklear 

Saturday, November 8 

TVaditional Arts 

Ctocktower Courtyard, 
Central Campos 
11:00-5:00 pm 

Dr. Green is Director of the 
American Indian Program 
of the National Museum of 
American History, 
Smithsonian Institution. 

In North Carolina today, Indian people of all tribal 
aifiliations are constantly learning, sharing, creating and 
recreating artistic traditions and expressions associated 
with their own native cultures and with those of other 
Indian peoples around the country. 

On the occasion of this exciting event m Pembroke we 
are presenting varieties of Indian art and musical perfor- 
mance that will be familiar to many But these presentations 
will also introduce new notions of contemporarj' American 
Indian perfomiance. Just as the modern pow wow embraces 
the knowledge and skill of many native peoples; it is fitting 
that this celebration gathers the artistry of American 
Indians both within and beyond the borders of North Cai'olina. 

The Kiowa and Comanche members of the American 
Indian Music and Dance Show, led by Tom Mauchahty- 
Ware, bring traditional war and round dancing from 
western Oklahoma— known and admired exerj-where by 
people who love classic Indian peiformance. While the 
Oklahoma, or southern Plains style of singing and dancing 
has its most public form in the war dance, its private 
forms— the '49 dance and courting flute music— will 
surprise and delight those unfamiliai' with them. 

In another part of the festival, folktales once told only by 
the grandmothers and grandfathei-s become part of a 
modern ballet. Rosalie Jones of the Blackfoot people of 
Montana, and Tony Shearer, bring a contemporaiy dance 
style influenced by Plains Indian dances and by the stories 
that tell native people of theii- history and culture. 

Elsewhere, the lovely sounds of the wooden flute can be 
heard. Once played by young men for courting, to soothe 
restless animals, or simply to make music that echoed the 
sounds of nature, Indian flute music has been revived by a 
number of outstanding Native American musicians. Carlos 
Nakai of the Nav^o-Ute and Arnold Richardson of the 
Haliwa-Saponi will bring this beautiful music to us. Its 
simplicity and gentleness will come as a pleasurable 
siuprise to those who think of Indian music as warrior-like. 

Audiences may be more smprised by the varieties of 
music which Indian people have taken from Eiu'opeans and 
Afiicans and adapted to their own needs and artistic pleasures. 

Indian \ereions of old-time coiuitiy music, Fi'ench country 
dance and Gaelic step-dancing, and bluegrass and "country 
and western" music ai'e more common than many people 
might guess. Rajmond Fau'child, an Eastern Cherokee Indian 
and a virtuoso of the five-string baryo, brings his axciting 
brand of bluegrass music to the celebration. 

In the Protestant South, Indian voices and languages 
reshaped the gospel songs and old-time shape-note hjTnns 
simg at biTjsh arbor meetings and in small comitiy churches. 
Emmaline Cuciunber and Luc>' Riley bring to the festival 
the now time-honored Cherokee bjinn tradition. The Cherokee 
Quartet of Pembroke's Cherokee Methodist Church bring a 
venerable gospel tradition tempered to Indian life, but with 
very contemporary styUngs. 

With all its variety, the festival at Pembroke can only 
present a small fraction of the total spectnrm of American 
Indian music and dance. A hint of this vast pictm'e is 
provided by Jeronimo Camposeco and the Ka^^obal 
Marimba Band, who bring from their native Mayan and 
Guatemalan cultiu'es a music formed through Spanish 
influence among the Indian people of Latin America. They 
remind us that the cultural links among Indian people 
cross over our national borders. 

American Indian music and dance, like Indian cultm-e in 
general, has always been open to new fonns that keep it 
vital, even while the basic beat at its heart remains 
familial', comforting and fundamental to all forms of Indian 
artistic expression. 

We hope you ergoy the presentations of Native American 
music and dance featured at Celebration! | and will be 
encouraged to learn more about the artistic heritage of 
native peoples throughout North Cai'olina, the United 
States and all the Americas. 
By Di: Rayna Green 

Saturday, November 8 


Musicians and Dancers 

Emmaline Cucumber, Eastern 
Cherokee, Cherokee hymn 
singing. Cherokee, NC 

Soaring Eagles Dance Tteam, 
Cumberlaiid County 
Association for Indian People 
Raymond Fairchild and the 
Crowe Brothere, Eastern 
Cherokee, bluegrass. Maggie 
Valley, NC 

Dane Feather, Eastern 

Cherokee, hoop dancing. 

Cherokee NC 

Young First Americans 

Dance Group, 

Guilford Native American 


Haliwa-Saponi Danceivi, 
Haliwa-Saponi Tiibe 
Willoughby Jones, 
Lumbee, harmonica. 
Pembroke. NC 

Rosalie Jones and Tony 
Shearer, Blackfool, 

contemporary dancing and 
fl^te music, Great Falls. 

Ray Littleturtle, Lumbee, pow 
wow leader 
Hope Mills, NC 

Las IVIarimbistas, Kanjobal 
Mayan, marimba music 
from Guatemala, and 
presently Indiantown. Florida 

Tom Mauchahty-Ware and the 
Ameiican Indian Music and 
Dance Show, Kiowa and 
Comanche, pow wow and 
specially dancing and 
singing, Anadarko, 

Early Maynor, Lumbee, 
harmonica, Pembroke, NC 

Carlos Nakai, Navajo-Ute, 
flute music. Tucson. Arizona 

The Native American Dancers 
of Robeson Coiuity, 
Lumbee Regional 
Development .Association 

Ai-nold Richardson, 
Haliwa-Saponi. flute music. 
Hollister. NC 

Lucy Riley, Eastern Cherokee. 
Clierokee hymn singing. 
Cherokee, NC 


Da\y Arch, Eastern Cherokee, 
mask making and carving. 
Cherokee. NC 

Sara and Foxx Ayres, 
Catawba, traditional pottery 
making. West Columbia. SC 

Mary Jacobs Bell, Coharie, 
while oak basket making, 
Clinton, NC (sponsored by 
the Coharie 
Intra-Tiibal Council) 

Lela Brooks, Lumbee, tobacco 
twine crochet work, 
Pembroke. NC 

George and Louise Goings, 
Eastern Cherokee, white oak 
basket making and wood 
carving. Owl Branch, NC 

Gomez Family Kanjobal 
Mayan (Guatemala), 
traditional weaving, 
Indiantown, Florida 

Cleveland Jacobs, Lumbee, 
tvhite oak basket making, 
Petnbroke, NC 

Oscar Jacobs, Coharie, 
woodworking, Clinton, North 
Carolina (sponsored by the 
Coharie Intra-Tiibcd Council) 

Faye Junaluska, Eastern 
Cherokee, honeysuckle basket 
making, Cherokee, NC 
Craig Locklear, Lumbee, 
printmaking, Pembroke NC 
Louise and John Henry Maney 
Eastern Clierokee, coil pottery 
making, Cherokee. NC 

Lloyd Carl Owle, Eastern 
Cherokee, stone caning, 
Cherokee, NC 

Randolph "Jay" Oxendine, 
Lumbee, trapping and hide 
tanning, Petnbroke, NC 

Pembroke Quilters, Lumbee, 
Pembroke NC 
Claude Richardson, Haliwa- 
Saponi, stone and wood 
caning, WanetUon, NC 
Pat Riddick and Earl Pierce, 
Mehenin, bone and 
leathercraft- work, (sponsored 
by the Meherrin Tribe) 
Ethel Santiago, Seminole, 
patchwork clothing, palmetto 
dolt making, sweetgrass 
basket making, Immolakee, 

Emma Tkylor, Eastern 
Cherokee, rivercane basket 
making, Cherokee, NC 

Tyaditional Cookery 

Bennie Sue Clark, Corn Soup 
and Fry Bread 

Harold Deese, Chicken and 
Paslnj, Barbeque 

Waccamaw-Sioux, Catfish Fry 

IVaditional Arts 


Schedule Of Programs 

Dance Circle 

11:00-12:00 pm Opening ceremonies, followed by 
exhibition of Notth Carolina dance 
groups, plus Tom Mauchahty-Ware's 
Kiowa/Comanche dancers from 

4:00-5:00 pm More dance exhibition and open dancing 
Tent Stage 
12:00 am 

12:45 pm 
1:00 pm 

1:45 pm 

Raymond Fairchild and 

the Crowe Brothers 

Dane Feather 

Tom Ware and the American Indian 

Music and Dance Show 

Presentation of N.C. Folklore 

Society Awards 

2:00 pm 

Rosalie Jones and Tony Shearer 

2:30 pm 

Las Marimbistas 

3:00 pm 

Flute workshop 

Brush Arbor Stage 

12:00 am 

Carlos N'akai 

12:30 pm 

Early Maynor, Willoughby Jones 

12:45 pm 

Las Marimbistas 

1:15 pm 

Henry Berry Lowry Stories 

with Bruce Barton 

1:45 pm 

The Cherokee Quaitet, Pembroke 

2:15 pm 

Lucy Riley and Emmaline Cucumber 

2:45 pm 

Tom Ware 

3:15 pm 

Raymond Fairchild and 

the Crowe Brothers 

Saturday, November 8 

Forum On Native 
American Cultural 

Native American Resource 
Center. Old Main Building 
12:30-^:45 pm 

Celebration! brings together several distinguished 
hidian scholare, artists, writers, and public officials from 
throughout North Carolina and the United States to discuss 
issues of cultural continuitj' and change. Our guests 
represent a broad range of views and backgrounds and will 
participate in a series of three panel discussions at the 
auditorium of the Native American Resource Center The 
forum is open to all and the public is encouraged to 
participate. Question and answer periods will conclude 
each session. 

The forum is made possible by a grant from the North 
Carolina Humanities Committee. 


12:30-12:45 pm 

Welcome: Stanley Knick, Director 

Native American Resource Center Pembroke State 


Introductions: .-Xdolph Dial, Chaiman 

American Indian Studies Department 

Pembroke State University 

12:45-2:00 pm 

Panel I: Maintaining Indian Cultural Identity in the 1980s 

In a world of stereotypes, how do Indian people a.s 

individuals and as groups perceive themselves today'? What 

is the role of major Indian cultural institutions in affirming 

identity'.' What are the pros and cons of pan-Indianism? 


ArUnda Locklear (Moderator), Linnhee 

Ldwyer. Naliiv American Rights Fund, Washington, DC 

Arnold Richardson, Haliwa-Saponi 
North Ciiriilina Visiting Artist 

Gerald Vizenor, Chippewa 

Writer and Professor of American Indian Studies, 

University of California. Berkeley 

Robert Youngdeer, Cherokee 

Principal Chief, Eastern Band of Chovkee Indians 

2:00-3:15 pm 

Panel 11: Culture and the Educational Process 

How effective are Indian schools and imiversities today? 

What has been the effect of federally supported cultm^l 

enrichment programs for Indian students in the public 

schools? Have cultiu^lly appropriate educational strategies 

for Indian students worked? 


Betty Mangum (Moderator), Lumbee 

Director of India)! Education, North Carolina 

Department of Public Instruction 

Gwen Shunatona, Potawatomi 

Director, Orbis Associates Washington. DC 

Pumell Swett, Lumbee 
Superintendent. Robeson County Schools 

David Warren, Santa Clara Pueblo 

Reseaivh and Cultural Studies Developmerd Center, 

Institute of American Indian Arts, Santa Fe, NM 

3:30-^:45 pm 

Panel III: The Economics of Cultm-e 

How have Native Americans used and interpreted their 

cuhural heritage to improve their economic position? What 

is the role of cultural tourism in the economic life of Native 

American comnuuiities? Are there detrimental effects in 

marketing traditional aite to the general public? 


Rayna Green (Moderator), Oklahoma Cherokee 

Director, American Indian Program, 

Sm ittiso nian Institution 

Betty Dupree, Cherokee 

Director. Qualla Arts & Crafts Mutual, Inc., Cherokee. NC 

Lonnie Revels, Lumbee 

Chairman of the Board, North Carolina Commission of 

Indian Affairs 

Linda Yellow, Mohawk 

Public Relations/Community Affairs Director, Native 

American Center for the Living Arts, Niagra Falls, NY 

Saturday Evening, November 8 

Celebration! Banquet 

Aii.tiliaiy Gymnasium 
5:30 pm 

Jones Health and Physical 
Education Center 

A special Celebration! Banquet features a keynote address 
by Dr. David WaiTen, Director of the Cultwal Studies 
Researcli Center of the histitute of American Indian Arts at 
Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

Dr WaiTen is a member of the Tewa Tribe of Santa Clara 
Pueblo, New Mexico. He received advanced degrees in 
Latin American colonial history from the University of New 
Mexico and taught at the Univereity of Nebraska and 
Oklahoma State Univereity before coming to the Institute 
in 1968. He was awarded an honoraiy degree from TUane 
University in May of this year. 

Over the years, Dr. Warren has served in many dis- 
tinguished professional positions including acting Director 
of the Office of Education, Bui'eau of Indian Affairs; acting 
Director of the Institute of American Indian Arts; appointee 

of President Carter to the National Council on the Human- 
ities; senior advisor of the U.S. delegation to the 21st 
General Conference of UNESCO; and Secretary-General of 
the Ninth Inter-American Indian Congi'ess. He was recently 
appointed to the National Advisory Council of the Smith- 
sonian Institution and senes on the Smithsonian's Steering 
Committee for the Columbus Quincentenary. 

Dr. Wan-en is the author of numerous articles on Native 
American histoiy and culture, and has been a consultant to 
museums and other organizations on the development of 
programs, exhibitions and other presentations on native 
cultures in the United States. 

The title of Dr. WaiTen's banquet address is "Indian Arts 
and Culture; On the Threshold of a New Century." 

Ck)ncert Of IVaditional 
And Contemporary 
Native American 
Performing Arts 

Givens Performing 
Arts Center 
8:15 pm 

Immediately following the Celebration! Banquet, a 
concert of traditional and contemporaiy Native American 
Perfonning Arts will be presented at the Givens Performing 
Arts Center 

The concert celebrates the divereity of American Indian 
perfonnance aits which flourish across the nation and 
featm'es several outstanding Native American performers 
representing various tribes and artisitc traditions. 

The presentation is hosted Dr. Rayna Green, Director of 
the American Indian Program at the National Museum of 
American History, Smithsonian Institution, Dr Green is of 
Cherokee descent and is widely known for her work in 
Native American Studies. She is the former director of the 
Native American Science Resource Center at Darmouth 
College and has consulted on numerous scientific, cultural 
and educational projects specific to the American Indian. 
She is the author of two recent books on American Indian 
women WTitere and is becoming increasingly known for her 
own poetry and fiction writing. 

Perfonners for Saturday's events include: 

Jeronimo Camposeco and 

the Kaivjobal Marimba Band, 

Guatemala, and Indiantown, Florida 

Tl^aditional Marimba Music 

The Cherokee Quartet, Lumbee, 

Cherokee Methodist Church 

Pembroke, NC 

Gospel Singing 

Raymond Fairchild and the Crowe Brothers 

Cherokee. NC 

Bluegrass Music 

Rosalie Jones and Tbny Shearer, 

Blackfoot, Billings, Montana 
Contemporary Native American Dance 

Tbm Mauchahty-Ware and the 
American Indian Music and Dance Show, 

Anadarko, Oklahoma 

Pow Wow and Specialty Dance and Song 

Carlos Nakai, Navajo-Ute. 
Tuscon, Arizona 
Flute Music 

Sunday, November 9 

"Dinner On 
The Grounds" 
And Gospel Sing 

Clocktower Courtyard, 
Central Campus 
1:00-5:00 pni 

Celebration! concludes after church on Sunday with an 
old-fashioned "Dinner on the Grounds" and Gospel Sing. 
Covered-dish suppers are a time-honored tradition in the 
Pembroke Community and surrounding area. For longer 
than anyone can remember, they have served to unite 
family and community at least once a year. Organized by 
church and congregation and held after the Sunday 
morning worship service, these joyful gatherings have 

become eagerly awaited homecomings. 

Often, the good food and fellowship is accompanied by a 
round of hjinn singing. Celebration! is pleased to feature 
several fine gospel groups in an afternoon gospel sing 
immediately following the meal. 

The organizers of Celebration! are deeply gi-ateful to the 
many church groups and individuals who have made this 
very special gathering possible. 

Exhibition of 


Oivens Perfonnirig Arts 


North Carolina Indians: Images ofFolklife 
By Rogei' Mauley 

Many aspects of Native American cultme in North 
Carolina have become so widely assimilated among all 
North Carolinians that they tend to be thought of as more 
"Southern" than Indian in origin; a prominent example is 
the cultivation of corn and tobacco. Ceilain other 
traditions, such as making pipes and small figures from 
stone, coiling and pit-firing pottery, and making baskets 
from rivercane, have always been identified with Indian 

During the summer of 1986, folklorist/photographer 
Roger Manley visited five of North Carolina's Native 
American communities to photograph Indian people who 
have chosen to cany on the traditions of their forebearers. 
A small selection of these images has been framed and 
mounted for exhibition in the lobby of the Givens 
Performing Arts Center dm'ing Celebration! 

The exhibition is possible by a grant from the North 
Cai-olina Aits Coimcil and will be displayed in museums 
and cultiu-al centere throughout the state following its 
premier at Pembroke State University. 


Planning And Production 

State of North Carolina 

James G, Martin, 


Departmeiil of Cultural 


Patric Doi'sey, 


North Carolina Arts Council. 
Maiy Regan, 
Kveculive DireclGr 

Folkiife Sectjo)! 

George Holt, 


Department of Ad minis! rat ion, 

Grace Rohrer, 


North Carolina Conunission of 

Indian Affairs, 

Lonnie Revels, 


Bruce Jones, 

Executive Director 

Jeny Berkelliammer, 
Assistant Director 

Program Staff 

George Holt, 
hvducer Director 

Delia Coulter, 
Assistant Director 

Linda Oxendine, 
Assistant Director 

.Mar>' Anne McDonald, 
Traditional Arts Coordinator 

Tamara Watson, 
Participant Coordinator 

Garj' Flo>'d, 
Production Manager 
Tim Burns, 
Production Assistant 

Donna Chavis, 

"Dinner on the Grounds" 


Wanda Maynor, 

Gospel Sing Coordinator 

Harold Deese, 

Traditional Foods Coordinator 

Ray Littleturtle, 
Traditional Arts Consultant 
Doug DeNatale, 
Crc{f}s Coordinator 
Louise Neu, 
Housing Coordinator 
Associated Sound, 
Audio Services 

Michael Boistelmann, 
Audio Services 

Glenn Hinson, 
Stage Manager 

Wayne Mai'tin 
Stage Manager 

Celebration! Staff for 
Pembroke State Universit>' 

Paul R. Givens, 

James B. Chavis, 

Vice Chancellor for Student 


Stanley Knick, Director, 
Native American Resource 

Janice Goolsby, Secretary, 
Native American Resource 

Ila Gray, 

Director of Accounting 

Anthony Locklear, 

Director of Admissions 

John Carter, Assistant Director. 

Institutional Advancement 

Gordon Williams, Director, 
SAGA Food Services 
Enoch Morris, Director, 
Givens Performing Arts Center 

Sandra Mercavich, 
Assistant Director. 
Givens Performing Arts Center 

Annah Hunt, 

Box Office Manager 

Givens Performing Arts Center 

Bill Biddle, Technical Director. 
Givens Performing Arts Center 

Robert W. Reising, Professor. 
Communicative Arts 
Gene Warren, Director. 
Public Infonnation 

Warren Love, Director. 
Media Center 

Horace Burnette, 
Director of Maintenance 
Charles Bryant, 
Chief of Campus Police 

Dr. Oscar Pattei-son, III, 
Director of Telecommunications 
Robert Brayboy, 
Supermsor of Housekeeping 
Purceil Blue, 
Electrical Supervisor 

Billy Dees, 
Campus Engineer 

Celebration! Advisory 

Linda Oxendine, Co-Chair 
Ben Jacobs, Co-Chair. 
N.C. Commissio)t of Indian 

James Hardin, Director. 
Lumbee Regional Development 

Ruth Revels, Director 
Guilford Native American 

Priscilla Fi'eeman-Jacobs, Chief 

Gladys Hunt, Director. 
Cumberland County Association 
for Indian People 

Earline Stacks, 

Metrolina Native American 


John Standingdeer, 
Eastern Band of Cherokee 

Arnold Richardson, 


Jane Jacobs, 

Coharie Intra-Tribal Council 

Cedric Woods, President, 

N.C. Native American Youth 


Pandora Sampson, President, 

Native A merican Student 


Pembroke State University 

Pat Riddick, 

Mehenin Indian Dilje 

Al Corum, President, 
Native American Council. 
Appalachian State University 

Lonnie Revels, 
Ex-Officio Member 
Chairman. N.C. Commission of 
Indian Affairs 

Native American Youth 

Cedric Woods, 

h-esidenl North Carolina Native 

American Youth Organization 

Pandora Sampson, 
President Native American 
Student Organization. 
Pembroke State University 

An'isBoughman, Co-Chief 

Native American Council. 

Appalachian Slate University 

Alicia Hardin, 

President, Carolina Indian 


University of North Carolina. 

Chapel Hill 

Chris Locklear, 

President. Native American 

Student Organization, 

North Carolina State University 

Norah Dial, Coordinator. Young 
First Americans, 
Guilford Native American 

Susan Toineeta, 

Eastern Cherokee Area 


Native Ametican Youth Council 

Youth Volunteers 

Kimberly Epps and Ron Hunt, 

Advisors Native American 


N.C. Commission of Indian 


Mychalene Deese 
Janet Dial 
Felicia Coins 
Amy Locklear 
T^ha Locklear 
Tina Locklear 
Towana Locklear 
Angela Robinson 

Special Thanks 

77?^ organi-zefs of Celebration! 
wish to express our deepest 
appreciation to the many 

persons who have 
contributed their time and 
suppoii to make the event a 
success. This booklet- went to 
press well in advance of the 
presentation and we regret 
that it is not possible to 
thank everyone by name. 

Rob Amberg 
JoEUen Banks 
Aggie Deese 
Bett>' Barber 
Danny Bell 
Paul Brooks 
Viola Bullock 
Wanda Burns-Ramsey 
Agnes Chavis 
Gary Deese 
Anne DeRosset 
Michael Dorris 
Sue Ennis 
Michael Frye 
Meg Glaser 
Brent Glass 
Frank Greathouse 
Jim Griffith 
Robert Hart 
Hazel Hertzberg 
Marjorie Hunt 
Mac Legerton 
Tom McGowan 
Jean McLaughlin 
David Pitts 
Cindy Mixter 
John Neville 
Louis Owens 
Jane Smith 
Kathryn Sullivan 
Robert Thomas 
Steve Watts 
Rosa Winfree 
Ruth Dial Woods 


The North Carohna Commission of Indian Affairs 

The United Tiibes of North Carolina 

Carolina Indian Circle, 
Umvemty of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 

Coharie Intra-TVibal Council, Inc. 

Cumberland County Association for Indian People 

Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians 

Guilford Native American Association, Inc. 

Haliwa-Saponi T\'ibe, Inc. 

Lumbee Regional Development Association 

Meherrin Indian Tribe 

Metrolina Native American Association, Inc. 

Native American Council, 
Appalachian State University 

Native American Student Organization, 
North Carolina State University 

Native American Student Organization, 
Pejnbrolie State University 

North Carolina Consortium on Indian Education 

North Carolina Native American Youth Oi'ganization 

North Carolina Indian Senior Citizens Coalition 

TViangle Native American Society 

Waccamaw-Siouan Development Association 

Celebration! is made possible by grants and 
contributions from the following: 

North Carolina Arts Coimcil 

National Endowment for the Arts 

America's Four Hundredth Annivereary Committee 

Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation 

North Carolina Humanities Conmiittee 

North Cai'olina Folklife Institute 


Ginger Parlier Design 


Waller Stuiiford 


Classic Graphics 


City Graphics 

Published by: 

NC Folklife Institute 

A pi'esentation of 
Native American 
Resource Center 

Pembroke State University 
Folklife Section 

North Carolina Arts Council 

In association mth 

Nortli Carolina Commission 

of Indian Affairs 

United Il-ibes of North Carolina